## Mechanical Energy Conversion 2

Mechanical energy As the roller coaster descends from a high place, the height decreases, and the speed increases, so the potential energy decreases, and the kinetic energy increases. Therefore, potential energy is converted into kinetic energy while the roller coaster … more

## Where did the pendulum’s energy go? (The second law of thermodynamics and irreversible phenomena)

Where did the pendulum’s energy go? A pendulum that vibrates in the air continues to collide with air molecules in the process of vibrating. Air molecules get their energy from the pendulum. In this process, Air molecules increase their speed. … more

## Conservation of Mechanical Energy

Potential energy The potential energy of an object is the energy stored in an object or system. Denoted as Ep. Generally speaking, potential energy refers to potential energy caused by gravity and is proportional to an object’s mass and height. … more

## Conservation of Mechanical Energy in Rollercoaster

Conservation of Mechanical Energy If you look at the roller coasters, you can find something interesting. That’s right. There is no engine on the roller coaster. When we lift the roller coaster to the highest point, then the roller coaster … more

## What is the fastest at the moment of hitting the ground? (Terminal Velocity)

Mechanical energy Mechanical energy is the sum of potential and kinetic energy. Mechanical energy = potential energy + kinetic energy Em = EP + EK Mechanical energy conservation Without friction, the sum of an object’s initial mechanical energy is equal … more

## Otto Cycle at Gasoline Engines

Heat engine A heat engine is a machine that operates by moving energy from a hot space to a cold space. In this process, the heat engine converts some of the heat energy into mechanical energy. All the heat engines … more

## Carnot Engines

A heat engine A heat engine is a machine that moves by moving energy from a hot space to a cold space. In this process, the heat engine converts some of the heat energy into mechanical energy. All heat engines … more