Gravitational Lensing






Space-time warpage

Einstein, famous for theory of relativity, thought that the mass of an object warps space-time. The larger the mass, the greater the degree of time-space warp. He explained that an object's falling or planet's revolution is a movement along the curved space-time. Also, he explained that the light proceeds along the curved space-time.

In the Earth, the degree of warpage in space-time is small, so it is difficult to observe the warp of light. But the degree of warp can be measured when the light passes through a large object such as the sun. Indeed, in 1919, British astronomer Eddington succeeded in observing the bending of starlight near the sun during a total eclipse.

Gravitational Lensing

Light from distant bright stars(such as quasars) can be bent by heavy objects such as galaxy. This light can reach the Earth in multiple paths. In this case, we can observe it as multiple stars.

Gravitational Lensing Graphic
Gravitational Lensing Graphic (https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/images/gravitational-lensing-graphic/)