Boyle’s J-tube experiment
Boyle’s J-tube experiment is an experiment that Boyle did to prove his law. Boyle experimented with pouring mercury into a J-shaped glass tube with one side blocked.
At first, the heights of mercury are equal to each other. Because the open side is face the outside air, it is 1 atm. Since the mercury heights are the same, the atmospheric pressure of the clogged air is also 1 atm.
Boyle poured mercury into the open side glass tube. The height of the mercury in the open side glass tube was increased and the volume of the clogged side glass tube was reduced. Boyle calculated the mercury pressure from the height difference. And Boyle measured the reduced volume of the clogged glass tube.
From this experiment, Boyle found that “at constant temperature, the volume of the gas is inversely proportional to the pressure.” This relationship is called Boyle’s law.