# Data

## Free Fall Motion Analysis

Why do light and heavy objects fall at the same time? The change in speed due to gravity is the same for all objects because the force and inertia acting on an object are proportional to the object’s mass. The...

## Newton’s Cradle

2023.6.3 Update: Multiple marbles can be dragged at the same time. 2023.4.24 Update: Improved algorithm and added ‘data download’ function. Newton’s cradle Newton’s cradle consists of five iron balls, each hanging on two threads to prevent the ball from spinning....

## Boyle’s Law 2

Drag the standard weight and place it on top of the piston. You can download graph data. Boyle’s Law Doubling the pressure of a gas reduces the volume of the gas by 1/2, and increasing the pressure of a gas...

## Mechanical Energy Conversion 2

Mechanical energy As the roller coaster descends from a high place, the height decreases, and the speed increases, so the potential energy decreases, and the kinetic energy increases. Therefore, potential energy is converted into kinetic energy while the roller coaster...

## Moment of Inertia

This simulation assumes that there is rolling friction and no sliding friction. The cylinder and cube assumed the density of iron (7.874 g/cm³). Why does a rolling object go down slower than an object that slides down? In conclusion, the...

## The charging and discharging characteristics of capacitor。

Switch up to start charging, and switch down to start discharging. The measured voltage is recorded automatically when charging or discharging starts. You can change the measuring point by moving the probe. For accurate measurement, operate the switch after fully...

## Michelson Interferometer

Michelson interferometer The Michelson interferometer was invented by the American physicist Michelson. Although it has a simple structure, it can measure very small distance differences, such as the size of an atomic nucleus. The Michelson interferometer consists of the following...

## Twin Paradox

Twin Paradox Twin paradox started as a contradiction in ‘time delay’ in Special relativity. The Twin Paradox goes something like this: (Contents vary depending on the media.) One of the twins stays on Earth, and the other leaves Earth in...

## Minkowski Spacetime

Minkowski Spacetime Minkowski spacetime (or Minkowski space) is a coordinate system devised by German mathematician Minkowski. The peculiar thing is that the coordinate system contains space and time. Minkowski spacetime uses matrices to express a four-dimensional coordinate system (x, y,...

## Special Relativity: Length Contraction

CAUTION: Read the following instructions to the end to get the result that the moving object appears to be constricted in length. (It is difficult to explain ‘Special Relativity’ only with the above simulation.) The meanings of the symbols used...

## Special Relativity: Time dilation

The meanings of the symbols used in this simulation are as follows. L = Distance that light travels in a stationary state, (=ct｡) c = Speed of light (≒ 299,792,458 m/s) t｡ = The transit time of light observed inside...

## Eratosthenes’ Calculation of Earth’s Circumference 2

Eratosthenes’ Calculation of Earth’s Circumference The first person to measure the earth’s size was Eratosthenes, an ancient Greek scientist about 2,000 years ago. Eratosthenes lived in Alexandria, near the Nile River’s mouth by the Mediterranean coast, in northern Egypt. He...