Newton Ring

Newton rings are caused by the interference of two reflections.

Newton Rings are observed when light is reflected from a plano-convex lens of a long focal length placed in contact with a plane glass plate. A thin air film is formed between the plate and the lens. The thickness of the air film varies. If the lens plate system is illuminated with monochromatic light falling on it normally, concentric bright and dark interference rings are observed in reflected light. These circular fringes were discovered by Newton and are called Newton’s rings.